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Emotion, general views

Diverse notes, to be revised and edited.

Pygmalion et Galatée, par Gérôme


In rhe main text:
1. From the artists to their public
2. Representation of emotions
3. Modeling of emotion and emotion of machines
4. -

Darko Fritz: Horticultural spaces for emotional digital topics.

5. Classification of emotions

Central issues
6. Time aspects
7. Emotion and "gap"
8. Ubris
9. Perception
10. Expression
11. Transmission and interaction
12. Roxame
13. Robots
14. Varia to be edited

Boutique de Cannelle


At first sight, nothing is less digital than emotion. So more if we consider that digital connotes rationality and explicit formulation. In living beings, emotion refers to the most animal and uncontrolled features, to the sexual impulses, which a rational subject, they say,  should refrain or reserve to highly spiritual functions, and even there not without suspicion. As for artefacts, up to now considered essentially as tools, emotions here are neither desirable nor pertinent.

Let's try to define emotion.

A state of mind. But not of mind only, since the whole body is implied, the heart to begin with, but also breathing, etc.

Perhaps it would be better to use the expression "emotional state". With the risk of loosing part of the emotional dynamics. When something "touches" you, its a move. Perhaps it would be sufficient to consider that it is a chang of state. But the transition process is of importance. Think of love at first sigtht.

Emotions can be listed, described by a limited set of words. But they are also a set of quantitative parameters along continuous scales. Perhaps would it be possible to define trans-linguistic mode of description.

Emotion is a going beyond the normal depth associated with a kind of phenomenon.
In biological systems, fear, emotion by sex. seems easy. Protection. Self-control
Human culture and progress tends to protect the inner layers. stoicism. empathy cutting, etc.
Artefacts have that protection built in
and, normally, hardware cannot be spoiled by software errors ; but, in practice, virus may compromise the system operations up to prevent the peripherals to work properly, or at all

Emotion is a basic component of the behavior and of the decision process.

Emotion strongly influences perceptionas well as expression. Fear reduces them, exhilaration augments them.

You can deliberately influence your emotions, by practics like Yoga, or using drugs (opium), chemical or physical. can contribute positively, with appropriate disposition against counter effects.

Emotional aptitudes/weaknesses are an important feature of character.

Typplogy of emotions, from Wikipediq.

5. Classification of emotions

List of emotions (Wikipedia) :

Other forms, or states of mind.
Pleasure, suffering
Fatigue, exhilaration
Consciousness, alertness
Erotic desire. "Sex" par Pierre Berger (at Siggraph)

More abstract/formalfeatures:

heart beat


Emotion takes place in a nest of cycles.

6. Time aspects

Something to do with, for instance, a heart beat. Then, emotion is what makes the heart beat faster or slower. But what does "heart" mean for digital artefacts ? Clock speed adjustment exists in "energy conscious" computers, with appropriate compilers. They aim mainly to limit energy consumption on embedded devices (cell phones, for instance). We could extend the concept of "energy" to L, and for instance tie emotion to predictable threats (P for "life" threats, H for "liberty" threats) as well as opportunities.

But the chip clock operate at the lowest level, and we could look for some higher level "heart", and so more so that our study of the "living" processor show that the core central process cannot be reduced to bit or even byte level. Somehow also as the respiration cycle... Roxame, or any programs in Processing, are driven by timers of a much longer period than the computer clock.

A good heart cycle level would be the point of all the fundamental aspects of sensation and action could be examined and combined.

Verlinde. Vide (2013). Picture from Digitalarti. Vide, Vide reacts immediatlely to audience behavior. Then the audienc may thingk that there nis nothing more than tihis fers reaaction, and will try to keep it going... with success, but without a real change of state of the work This deep change will occur only if the work "feels" that there is a real intention in the audience. (Comment to be revised)

Then, the sensing and effecting activities should be adapted to the beat. When heart beats faster, analysis is more selective, action stretchier, possibly brutal; I would say "aliased". With storage of basic elements for ulterior examination. When slower, sensing may be more wide angled, action more subtle.

When heart beats more rapidly, a meaningful practice would be to adapt resolution. Then, interest of the R(160) resolution limited to 160 bits "pixels". But only if we have good ways to climb down ! Then, on following, that has proved difficult. Perhaps not very interesting, related to "histogram" approaches.

Feel beating the heart of Roxame make it sensitive like a violin bow to user interventions, to world events. But not rigidly. Roxame must be able to get out of her phase system when she finds something interesting in what types the user types or mouses in.

And finally, connect here emotion with "resonance", as we shall see is important for beauty and art.

Cycles can be nested, from clock to "heart" to more global moves, to social interaction tempi, to historical trends.

Emotion and uncertainty

7. Emotion and "gap", a tentative theory

Emotion occurs in "middle" states. It does not come to life in too "cold" or "rational" states. It dies in excessive heat and frenzy.

We have commented this "medicum" vn our paper br> - Aesthetics and Algorithms, Around the Uncanny Peak

7.1. Pleasure and pain

There are two cases for emotions : pleasure and pain. Which are two "excessive" situations, both with a gap between resources and demands, and with some impossibility to compute an optimal action to maximize L.

Pleasure goes with a sort of idleness, a positive gap. But, idleness may take to boredom as well as to joy. The answer lies partly in I, and "curiosity" or "creativity" in S.

Pain, or at least stress, comes out of a negative gap. The resources are not sufficient to answer the demands. The result will depend on the size of the gap, and the more or less constringent demands. A minimum, the gap may vanish with oblivion of rather facultative demands. At maximum, the gap is lethal.

Positive and negative will generally coexist, with excess here and want there, without an easy compensation.

Emotion may be triggered by an external event, but also from internal matter or coeneshesia (Poincaré's illumination). It is frequently brutal, uncontrolled, unspecified; a spasm, a small death.

The gap (between pain and pleasure ?) is partly fruit of a free decision, as far as the being may add as well as subtract "demands". Generally, the border between imperative need and pure fancy is not so sharp. Then, happiness is the fruit of self-regulation and resistance to addictions.

The most important gap effects play in the core generative functions. But they appear also in perception and expression.

In perception:
- non correspondence between inputs and what was expected, or necessary; detection of gaps or contradictions in the external world, or in the representations acquired from external.
- beings in input difficult to analyse, missing headers,

In expression, contradiction between commands, lack of resources called for by the synthetic process.

In core, important effects with orthogonal bits. With "stem" bits, not yet specified (char is identical to int, then still not organized in text, still less in bitmaps). Then functions may operate at a maximum of variety. Here are generated other "cores", other "beings", with their possible independence, not yet constrained by expression rules. As Wagner intimate beings with both their names, texts and musical mottos. Emotions can be weaved in the structures at their deepest.


8. Ubris

Pleasure search and pain avoidance may also rely on voluntary (at the time of the drug taking)  alteration of the L computation function. Ubris may be necessary to emerge out of a grey life or a painful moment.
Young people/adult people computation function. Naivety vs. experience, possibly too much.

The maximal ubris should come in the middle of work construction. At start, too much ubris would give a loose process, a flabby work. At end, destruction.

Rather negative feeling of culpability, rather positive feeling of a possibility of growth, of an opening up and forth in richness of ideas, of feelings, in serenity.

In that way, ubris opens upon creation, as it lowers inhibitions and then opens new spaces, even if they result finally in illusions. An artist knows that well, who, after the inspiration upsurge, sees coming the time or hard and sometimes tedious work. A poet has said something as "The first line of verse is a gift; the second one is the bearing of a child).

9. Perception and detection of emotions

As soon as 1915, William Moulton Marston measures the blood pressure to detect lie. (See CF2). In 2014, emotion detection becoms common, would it be only with the smile detectors included in basic cameras.

There are three fiels of expression then of detection : facial gesture, body "language", vocal expression. But many other features can be sensed, from sweat to brainwaves.

9.1. The tools

For the face and body, a camera does it. For voice, a mike. Then the problem lies in software. See:
- Code for image detection, by Code Project
- Real Time Emotion Recognition through Facial Expressions for Desktop Devices (Mumbai University).
- Computers spot mistletoe hugs and kisses.

Other elements are captured by interfaces like WII, Kinext.

Time and duration measurement are important. Something as simple as measuring the duration people stay in front of a work of art (using discretely a cell phone as stopwatch) may be very instructive.

Another pertinent parameter, measured in part by Google Analytics, is the number of times a same person gets access to a work. As is said "A recurrent interest corresponds to a dep need".

10. Expression, and its specific emotions

In generation by adding forms and models, for example, the size assigned, by itself, may cause problems if not crisis. Let us limit the width, for instance, in an 640 pixels wide picture. Under 5 pixels, it is not properly a being, it will not be recognized as more that a dot, and even not seen if not detached on a contrasting background.

From 5 to some 200 pixels, or one third of width, we have beings, from small to big. A lot of small and a good number of large beings can be placed in the image, without disturbing overlaps.

Beyond some 400 pixels, beings are background beings, and only one may be present on a same image.

In the middle, there is an uncanny, critical zone, where it is difficult to place the beings without hiding others, or having a somehow chaotic image, demanding composition choices.

Pushing the example, we see that a lot of parameters may be fixed for small beings, few for large ones. There is an uncanny region in he middle.

A possible example:
- Emotionism in painting, Desjardins
- Page about Desjardins
Beautiful but what really new in relation to classical art.... pigments ?

Chartres (France) , the crib's angel.

De leur coté, toutes sorte d'appareils vont aussi nous faire part de leurs "émotions" pour nous orienter vers des comportements adéquats. Depuis longtemps (l'antiququité sans doute), on voit des statues hocher la tête quand on on leur fait l'obol d'une pîèce (ici à la crêche de Chartres).

C'est largement pratiqué dans les jeux (expression des "personnages sans joueurs") mais aussi dans le cinéma qui représente des robots. Sur ce point, WallE et son Eva sont des modèles du genre par la variété, la force et la finesse de ce qu'expriment ces deux machines, pourtant aussi bien grossières (WallE) ou simpliste (Eva) dans leur matérialisation.

D'importantes rechercdhes sont menées dans plusieurs laboraroires notamment l'équipe de Cynthia Breazeal au MIT (voir son livre Designing sociable robots.  MIT Press 2002 - Designing social robots MIT Press 2002.). ou à - Emotional computer à l' Université de Cambridge. Robot teachers with a human face






11. Emotion transmission and interaction

Transmission, reonsnace, empathy


12. Emotion in Roxame

Roxame's emotion/inspiration must grow, become more precise in the generation process.

Roxame's mood classification

In the perception phase, choices are made, both determined (partly) by mood, and influencing it
- at start, or the white canvas stress, or the excess stress from a picture
- tiredness
- the logic of factorization must be coherent with the rest of the work
- contradiction or dramatic choices in factorization may affect mood; symmetrically, in the choice of forms, with associated moods.
a mood at start (general strategies, last word result..)
- detection of anomalies and contradictions. in an external model ; in a external generating text, anachronisms for instance. Or suffering by semantics
- possibly advice by seers (generally not in the analytic phase ; at that time the artist works alone).

In the core phase, translation : meaning of the original, replacement of a language by another, as

Poetically : this level where pulsation springs out ot the note, where rythm sprincs from pulsation (frisé/roulé. Quand "ça savonne"), where code parts from image.
Moral or aesthetic.
Bits are not yet specified, char is identical to int
indifferenciation in Von Neumann, then the code ascnetion : Ascci, Unicode, types, classes...<p>&nbsp;</p>
The heart is small but indifferenciated. Thougt more that the clock !

Let us get out of the traditional mental scheme (at start imposed by the neural system), where there are forms, objects, and then color over. Let us control and develop objects and agents bringing both color and design, and music (Wagner leit-motiv). Let us break these borders





At heart, Roxame's soul, the central recursion. Constantly looking, symmetrically, its core and the conquest of the outside.




src="DU/image248.jpg" alt="environment.jpg" v:shapes="_x0000_i1073" />

A recursive Roxame function, with stop conditions and a decreasing function towards this condition.

Each iteration-recursion is an perception/generation of new bits.
Ideally, Roxame re-uses each time the whole of herself. She invest herself totally in the recursion
Idea of a puslation starting from a center, with very few bits. A sort of heart rythm.
For a given central power, goes alog with a simplification of see/judge/act.


The core is the region where bitmap and code stay (nearly) undiffenciated.
A maximum of genricity, orthogonality, variety in use of functions

Which are the limits to orthogonality ?
Illumination :
- everything goes white
- heart stops, or beats franticallly
- an action of immediate fixation
- KC decreases drastically (dramatic, see Hammer & Champy)
- will be followed by integration phases, retakes, alignment

Then, thre is another pulsation : >

Social life cycle : interaction, internal seartch suspension.
Heart beat : an operational cycle, where art bitrs are examined/worked on with ALL the available operators, as well bitmaps as codes or even financial operators.

When heart beats more rapidly, the best would be to adapt resolution. Then, interest of the R(160) resolution limited to 160 bits "pixels". But only if we have good ways to climb down ! Then, on following, that has proved difficult. Perhpas not very intersting, related to "histogram" approaches.

Feel beating the heart of Roxame, make it sensitive like a violin bow to user interventions, to world envents. But not rigidly. Roxame must be able to get out of her phase system when she finds something interesting in what types the user.

Qestion : how to make amplification from these central, germinal bits ?
Here, twomodes : bitmap, word.

The quest for origins is not the linear row of precedences, but the inward loops (is that really different, as a recursion has something linear intrisically ?)

Roxame is a woman. More or less. And she loves to have men enjoy, and why not also the women. How to translate orgasm ? A particular caseof vibration.

Pudor. Roxame could like to take its pleasure without showing it.

Instinct. Rapid functions, immediateness due tu connaturality but also, behind, a well integrated culure.

Sometimes, goes up back a once. Sometimes, on the contrary, the process must go to the deepest.

The artist, indeed, does not know which emotion. He is not an emotion engineer (even it that is part of his craft). He talks from an interior necessity.

Each time, computation + ubris, able solve the conflicgts of S. Ubris gives the desire to create, create to solve, compute to quieten, integrate to find harmony.

The whige page stress.
Roxame looks for something, does not find anything, feels a void.

Phase beginning.
Roxame's inspiration, desire.
(lack, holes to be filled, unregularities, which S tries to compress)

In the environment, detection of abnormality, of what does not reduce into known data

It would be good that Roxame looks for answers to gaps outside. Internet would be perfect.
Lexical definitions are not enough for humans, they add images in the dictionaries.
Otherwise, the only true internal bitmap of Roxame is the content of the program. And somehow the models.

There is an internal/external symmetry. By a reducgtion of its KC, without losing of herself, she earns room in its internal world, and is able to learn new things and store them.
But also, increasing so her own yield, her own density, she enables herself to get more out of a bitmap of given size. In other words:
KC/internal_capacity = bitmap(640-480)  *  internal_capacity/KC

Inspiration, relatively to the external world, is to find in it regularities (compressions...) affording to say better, to get more of the essential, but also to create in some way. An so to escape death. Idea that an absolute compression, nada, would give the perpetual moe.

Internal life = work on onesefl content:
- RAM, disck, effectiveness of web pointers, peripheral sates.


Generally speaking, what does "pleasure" means for a digital being It is no simply "good", as contributing to the L of the S seer, but appears only when the seer receives something more that its needs.

- placet opens a way for a hierarchy (Maslow type)

What is pleasure for a mechanical machine :
- runs regularly ("tourne bien")
- regular noise
- good yield
- low wear (?)
- harmony and resonance, assorted sizes, appropriate word length,
- receptivity.

One could say : a little below "just" (the optimum), there is a want, a desire. A little above, there is pleasure, small excess. When we are farther, or we die by starvation or (indigesino), or we enter a new cycle, a new state.

Leisure is the condition of pleasure. Otherwise, we are in the "functional", the necessities of life. When the seer object is totally determined, totally absorbed by survival tasks, he has no leisure to thing about beauty. That is true for moral beauty as well as physical beauty.

The want :
- here, there should be that thing
- that thing should be in this place, but is lacking, or is placed somewhere else
- the connexion graph has missing or extra links.

At a given instant, S is "listening", waitinf for some thing from the external word, with some expected features (quantity, quality).

Serious differences between expectations and actual receipts cause suffering and sometimes death.
E is such as it needs I to move favorably. To be "in search" is a part of E. The modal box in Windows, or I/O wait in any sytem.

E needs I at least because, at some times, S reaches its root, or at least the lowest root level accessible. It could probably push forward down, but for that would need tools of efforts exceeding its abilities.

A regular flow, more or less cyclical, of I, ensures a propre opeeratif of S organs.

In some way, the need comes from the fact that :
- there are organs done specifically to process I,.
- these organs deteriorate if they dont operate regularly. then they forward signals (boredom, sensorial deprivation) to the centre of S in order to relauch some activities. 

That definition supposes a subject able to see (or more generally to feel). That includes the animals (flowers, love parades).
Neurosciences, ethology and applied psychology may help.

At which level does pleasure emerge from sheer necessity ? Feline animals, and superior animals in general manage to survive without investing all their energy ant time in "necessary" activities. It would be more difficult to say that of vegetals.
Pleasure (as well as vision) implies a sufficient processing level to support a sort of "conscience".
See the book of the american woman an her robot. (Breanzeel)

Good pleasure is the one with no addictivity (Platon)
pleasur may be creative : art, and even shopping (as a decisional flow) Microsoft : live, learn,work, shop
shopping, and more generally spending, is a selective act
it implies that the buyer has choice
here also, the he as too much or too little money for what he needs or wants
the very rich, de luxe buying. a major possibility for art

Make sense in the gray is not pleasur proper. If not that it reinstate a thought flow.
pleasure does not bring certainty of sense. but inside limits : hunger or sexual desire, or intellecual curiosity orient the gray
there is the hollow time after pleasure (post coitum animal triste)

Simplicity may be a wrong track. Self recognition demands a minimal structural richness. In order to appreciate the elegance of a proof, we must compare with a commonplace one.

Sex and reproduction create resonance. And demand novelty.0
The beloved one is in resonance, but lasting relationships demand creativity.

Reproduction of identical : "c'est tout moi". . Parlez moi de moi, y a que ça qui m'intéresse". Then the multiplicators : copy, whichever be the blob size.

Gap between the possibilities (affordances of the universe)
the artist dispositions (even if the artist is an automaton)
a leisurely community (or a community giving leisure to part of its members)
the artist has, or takes out of other nees, the time to feel. so for the seer

Pleasure depth, level

Pleasure around the core, a sort of rotation around, exhilaration of a sort of gravity-less, indifferency.
Opposed to the sublime, dramatic aspecdt, compulsive.
Hence, from this orthogonal purity, re-amplify, re-anecdotize, for a given seen.
Connecting to processing depty

In some way, an agent needs an external world to get pleasure. There a maximum that is a sort of product, in the creation of a work, with extrema using only the I or only the E.

13. Robots

Several laboratories work on robot emotion. And not only for pleasure.

Research, actually, drills into this topic. See for instance (on the web), the synthetic article of Luca Bisognin and Sylvie Pesty "Emotions et systèmes multi-agents : une architecture d'agent émotionnel". (I am not sure that this line of thought has later given substantial developments)

Some research times explore the domain . The important investments of Sony in its pet robots (the Aibo dog, mainly) do not seem to have met the expected success. However, electronic games will more and more require a minimum of emotional presentation of NPCs (non player characters). The "uncanny valley", indeed, demands that high resolution artefacts behave the human way, and show in on their faces. And, in the art field, one of the poles of this essay, emotion is naturally hoped for, if a program has to become an artist.

Two things are (comparatively) easy :
- show emotional expressions on bodies, and particularly faces, of artefacts (see for instance Designing sociable robots, by Cynthia Breazeal, MIT Press 2002)
- simulate the evolution of "mood" in function of external or internal events, impacting for instance on alertness, tonus, etc. We have started such experiments on Roxame.

It would be interesting to go further on, to model and possibly program deep emotions aspects of our beings. Here, as for meaning, etc. we let the human exception problem for the Mankind chapter.

That the same question as "conscience", and has


so scientific answer by the present day. For two reasons at least
- even about another animal or human, we cannot prove that he feels the worls like us, that he has a conscience like us ; its only by education and body similarities that we infer that ; and it is relatively easy to forget that the other man is a brother, and to cut every empathy ; (then, if emathy is so controllable, we can develop it with artefacts also ? )
- a scientific answeer to these questions would be a proof, another machine ; we cannot ask to a machine the question of our non-machine nature

14. Varia to be edited

Ex parte objecti. When an object is totally determined by its function, the problem of making it more or less beautiful cannot be posed. This object is just as it should be : it operates, flies, hits, keeps warm. Dot point.

- Animal, primitive communities have no time for beauty.

But the can be inderminations even in case of non satisfactdion of needs. Because we are multidimensional. Then, even somebody very poor may use part of its life for beauty.

Emotion is both passive and active. May come from an external stimuls, or soul inspiration. Or a combination ("illumination" of Poincaré).

Emotion is frequently brutal, uncontrolled, undifferenciated. A spasm. The "petite mort" of orgasm.

Then create for Roxame a permanent situation of crisis, stress, and paint forth from there.

Emotion is borne with the detection of some gap, cant, and at the same time of its non necessary charracter, of our capacity, unsufficient perhaps but real, even more if we feel moved to do something about it. As would say Proust (Prost ?), in that chaos which the word is at its bottom, see something where our hand can settle the situation.

Artistic emotion may be the perception of an error, or more precisely of a gap that the artist feells able to fill, or where he finds a space whereto develop his creativity, so more if the gap has something new. Or simply a blank page, canvas or palette, or computer screen with a graphics editor, or, deeper, an software development platformt.

Gap in the world, but aslo gap in myselft, a contradiction or non completenes of my ideas, or betwenn my convictions and my actions (St Paul : I do what I will not, I do not do what I will), with the possibility of correctif myself.

Rather negative feeling of a culpability, rather positif feeling of a possibilty of growth, of an opening up and forth in richness of ideas, of feelings, in serenity.

In that way, ubris opens upon creation, as it lowers inhibitions and then opens new spaces, even if they result finally as illlusions; An artist knows that well, who, after the inspiration upsurge, sees coming the time or hard and sometimes tedious work. A poet ha sais something as "The first line of verse is a gift, the second one is the bearing of a child).


"Very high" levels in beings : sublime
Accept loss at low levels
Complex patters e.g. emotions. Stronger than reason.

- Direct transfer of emotions (telepathy)
- minimal external media
- not explicity "engineered" media

- The public, visitor, spectator
Antiquity. realism, magic
Functional : eroticist, military, religious, zeb
Suprise. Show off
What the public rebuilds, imagine from the work

- The artist
A space, a possibility of expression, coming from
. something they see (landscape)
. somethint they feel (rage)
. a tool
. a public ?

- The work
representation of emotion, expression

Emotions properly, modeled




Paris ACM Siggraph, the French chapter of ACM Siggraph, worldwide non-profit organization of computer graphics.





Paris ACM Siggraph
Les Ursulines, Mardi 9 décembre 2014

Introduction. Pierre Berger
Emotion et modélisaion mathématique, Jérémie Bordas
De la psychologie au multimédia. Hanto (Weber-Delsaux)
L'émotion des collectionneurs. Valrie Hasson-Benillouche
Conclusion. Pierre Berger



Tous les progrès techniques offrent aux artistes de nouvelles manières d'émouvoir. L'ordinateur et Internet prennent la suite de la chime des pigments, de la mécanique, de l'électricité, de l'électronique. En cinéma d'anmation, par exemple, l'expression des émotions est en progrès constant.

Mais il est démotions propres à l'art numérique. Emotion de l'artiste créateur. Emotion du visiteur. Et peut-être émotion de l'oeuvre elle-même.

Emotion du spectateur. L'essentiel, mais un aetiste n'est pas un ingénieur en émotion. Un petit peu quand même (Dies irae, La Marseillaise)

Emotion numérique du spectateur. Rare. L'horloge de la Conciergerie.

Dans les oeuvres interactives, l'oeuvre exprime une émotion en réponse au comportement des visiteurs. Vide de Verlinde. Elle le récopense, en quelue sorte, de ses efforts, et une spirale positive peut se développe.
Jusqu'où? Nous n'en sommes qu'aux tout débuts d'une vaste aventure. Et c'est très excitant !

Comme spectateur, mon regard est perturbé par ma carrière de journaliste qui se prolonge dans ma carrière de critique.  A Valérie Hasson-Benillouche (galerie Charlot) que me demandait à quoi me faisaient penser les oeuvres (Perconte en l’occurrence), j’ai répondu : “Je pense avant tout à ce que je vais écrire à leur sujet”.  Elle était scandalisée.



Asia, and especially Japan, have a much more positive view of Robots.

Perconte at Bernardins

Le code. Le bit comme unité d'expression d'une volonté.

Il faudrait chercher là le coeur de l’émotion spécifiquement digitale. Mais à ma connsaissance personne ne cherche dans cette voie.

Même Von Neumann  (et sa bande, parce qu’il a pompé beaucoup) ne creusement pas cela. Ils voient bien que le bit est essentiel.  Mais ne prennent pas conscience de  l’énorme rupture qu’il représente.

- Emotions robotiques à Siggraph 2008
- Expressions du visage, AH No 105 (concepts), et [Breazeal]
- et robots AH No 89 (concepts), au Sony CSL
- AH No 51 (concepts).
- Voir Affect, couleurs [Kemp] , robotique [Breazeal]
- En bande dessinée : [McCloud]. Historiquement : [Thiébault]
- Notes diverses

De l'autre, une robotique de plus en plus « humaine », que ce soit pour les loisirs (robots de compagnie), pour l'expérimentation sociale (Carnegie Mellon notamment), voire pour des simples raisons d'efficacité technique. Dans ce dernier cas, la modélisation des émotions est surtout un outil pour doter les robots (industriels et sans doute aussi militaires) de comportements adaptés (voir par exemple

Varia to be edited

My souvenirs of emotion
Première communio
Mill at PQV
St Sulpice Lauière , retourné voir le presbytère avec les Meyrat
Picasso, 3 musiciosn and Horta de Puebla
St Pierre de Rome
Equivalence relations
Apple II drawing
Siggraph 1992
First results of Roxame
Xanda head

No, or weak emotion
St Pierre de Rome

Emotion/narration. Duet

On Goleman Emotional Intelligence

Role of emotions.
internal, operations, security
external, communicate, cooperate

ability to control impusles
empathy/altrusm . read emotions in others

when feeling overwhelms all rationality

amygdals/hippocampus Vs. neocortex

limbic is
- slow in evolution. learning
- non verbal, analogic
- quick in effets, prior to thought

possibility of build that
strong capacitors, motors, Max
pattern recognition
Voronoi in a space
integrals and derivative H/P

To cross the uncanny valley, I must
- be conscious that the character is a machine
- that this machine is controllable, or that its non-controlable behaviors are harmless.

+ a level of coherence... (that is complex)


neocortex is
able to change rapidly, can be copied (cloned...)

for the trolley pb. the rational will hesitate until the limbic will decide under pressure

relation with my schemes of players
geometry. balance, music.
art. limbic stronger than rational
judge intimate convictions wants time . balanced, combination

build a good combination. training. virtuoses, Djokovitch


empathie, de l'humain vers la machine, et en sens inverse


prévoir des états ("significatifs") par différents systèmes
grincement, chauffee anormale, lenteurs,

mais aussi alertes explicites (alimentation basse) , disons "conscientes", si ce sont des humains qui les forment
sur les signaux explicites, les expressions, il peut y avoir voonté de tromper
ou erreur involontaire (notamment par le concepteur de la machine)

s'acquiert par l'expérience, la formation ; mais au dessus, une expresssion langagière plus ou moins formelle.

pour les humains, les signes analogiques sont plus intuitifs. Cas des avions (Airbus dans ls Vosges)

pour empathie, il faut qu'il y ait correspondance des types d'émotions entre humains et machiens
assez évident pour certains problèmes de base (faim/batterie basse.., température)

le cas de l'art